A Look at the Numbers and New Scientific Advancements with HIV and AIDS

Monday, 05 November 2012 23:17 Written by  Kim Shine

As we approach World AIDS Day on December 1, which promotes the education and healthy living among people living with HIV, this year introduces some advancement in medicine that can alter the lives of people living with HIV virus, as well as provide more knowledge about the disease.

FACT: After the first HIV case was documented in 1981, more than 60 million men, women and children were reportedly infected with the virus.

The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test is a new way to check your status (and that of your partner) without a doctor’s visit. In just 20 minutes, interested consumers can get results using the same test done by doctors. The FDA-approved kit requires a simple oral swab and tests for HIV-1 and HIV-2.

Although the test could potentially reduce nearly 50,000 new cases of HIV per year, OraQuick is almost 100 percent accurate. Researchers found it is only about 93 percent accurate when someone has the virus. The exam is now available online and in retail stores, such as CVS, Walgreens and Rite Aid across the U.S. for $39.99.

Before once-a-day medicines were available to the public, HIV patients survived by ingesting cocktails of drugs per day. Now, Stribild is a once-daily, single tablet regimen for HIV-1 infection that contains four drugs in one. According to the New York Times, about 88 to 90 percent of people who took the drug possessed undetectable amounts of HIV in their blood. The Food and Drug Administration approved Stribild and was produced by Gilead Sciences in late August.

FACT: Today, approximately 34 million people worldwide are living with HIV, which includes more than 1 million in the United States.

Stay informed, stay protected, get tested and stay involved.

The numbers:

  • 2.5 million – the number of new HIV infections in 2011, including an estimated 330,000 among children
  • 46 – number of countries, territories and areas that restrict people living with HIV from entering or staying
  • 23.5 million – number of HIV-positive people in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2011, which is about 69 percent of the global total
  • 2 – Asians are the second largest group of people living with HIV
  • Less than 100 – number of children infected with HIV in 2011

For more information on the education on HIV or AIDS, prevention of the diseases or knowledge on how you can get involved in the cause, here are a few resources to choose from:

www.who.int – World Health Organization

www.cdc.gov Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

www.greaterthan.org – Greater Than AIDS

www.aidschicago.org – AIDS Foundation of Chicago

www.kff.org – The Henry J.Keiser Family Foundation

www.redpumpproject.com – Red Pump Project

 Kim Shine

Kim Shine

Kim Shine is a GlossMagazineOnline (GMO) staff writer. A multimedia journalist, she has reporting experience in entertainment journalism, health and local reporting. Kim is currently pursuing her MS in Journalism from the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University. She has written for Medill News Service, the Northwest Indiana Times, Level-Up Magazine and Chicago Hip Hop Connects.

She can be contacted at kimshinechicago@gmail.com.

Website: www.kim-shine.com